In 1950, after over fifty years of army profession and colonial rule, the Nationalist celebration of Puerto Rico staged an unsuccessful armed riot opposed to the U.S.. Violence swept in the course of the island: assassins have been despatched to kill President Harry Truman, gunfights roared in 8 cities, police stations and submit workplaces have been burned down. in an effort to suppress this rebellion, the U.S. military deployed millions of troops and bombarded cities, marking the 1st time in historical past that the USA govt bombed its personal citizens.

Nelson A. Denis tells this robust tale during the arguable lifetime of Pedro Albizu Campos, who served because the president of the Nationalist occasion. A attorney, chemical engineer, and the 1st Puerto Rican to graduate from Harvard legislations institution, Albizu Campos used to be imprisoned for twenty-five years and died lower than mysterious situations. by means of tracing his existence and loss of life, Denis indicates how the adventure of Albizu Campos is a part of a bigger tale of Puerto Rico and US colonialism.

Through oral histories, own interviews, eyewitness bills, congressional testimony, and lately declassified FBI records, War opposed to All Puerto Ricans tells the tale of a forgotten revolution and its context in Puerto Rico’s heritage, from the USA invasion in 1898 to the modern day fight for self-determination. Denis offers an unflinching account of the gunfights, felony riots, political intrigue, FBI and CIA covert job, and mass hysteria that observed this tumultuous interval in Puerto Rican history.

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J. M. Clark, “What future? ,” Washington put up, November three, 1937, nine. 29. Arthur Garfield Hays and the fee of Inquiry on Civil Rights in Puerto Rico, record of the fee of Inquiry on Civil Rights in Puerto Rico, manhattan, 1937, forty-one. 30. Castro, “Once Muertos y Mas de Ciento Cincuenta Heridos en Ponce,” 1, five; José E. Pujals and Castro-Combas, “Aumentan a Quince los Muertos en Ponce,” El Mundo, March 23, 1937, 1, five; “Gruening Pide Informe por Cable Sobre los Sucesos de Ponce,” El Mundo, March 23 1937, 1; “Para Que las Investigaciones se Hagan con Prontitud y Energía,” El Mundo, March 23, 1937, 1,10; “¡Al Gesto Altivo, los angeles Tración a Tera!

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